Book II 2nd year Mustafa Kamal Essay Notes

Book II Mustafa Kamal by Wilfrid F. Castle

Here are questions answers notes for 2nd year BOOK II English essay "Mustafa Kamal by Wilfrid F. Castle. These are important questions notes for second year students. The notes are in PDF and students can download it. 2nd year complete English notes are also available on this blog.

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Questions Answers Notes for 2nd year

 Q. 1: Who is the writer of the essay “Mustafa Kamal”?
  Ans: Wilfred F. Castle is the writer of the essay “Mustafa Kamal”.

 Q. 2: What was the attitude of the Turkish government towards the allies after World War I?
  Ans: Padsha and old liberals and old liberals wanted to form a government in collaboration with the allies.

Q. 3: Why was Mustafa Kamal sent to Anatolia?
  Ans: Mustafa Kamal was sent to Anatolia to put down the rebels who were not obeying Padsha.

Q. 4: What was the reaction of the Turkish patriots to the intentions of the allies to partition the Ottoman Empire?
  Ans: They planned to rage a war against the Greeks through guerillas. They wanted to build up to the national army and temporary government in Anatolia.

Q. 5: Writer a note on Mustafa Kamal activities in Anatolia?
  Ans: Mustafa Kamal planned to rage a war against the Greeks through guerillas. He wanted to build up the national army and temporary government in Anatolia.

Q. 6: Why did Mehmet order Mustafa Kamal to return to Constantinople?
  Ans: Mehmet felt that he was working against the interest of his government.  So, he ordered him to come back at once.

Q. 7: What was Mustafa Kamal‟s reply?
  Ans: In reply to the order of the sultan of turkey, Mustafa Kamal said. “ I shall stay in Anatolia until the nation has won its independence”.

 Q. 8: What was decided by the Grand Turkish National Assembly at the end of the war?
  Ans: The Grand National Assembly of Turkey decided by the unanimous vote to abolish the Sultanate in Turkey.

Q. 9: Why did Mustafa simply the Turkish language?
  Ans: The Turkish language had many Arabic and Persian words. It was difficult to learn. Mustafa Kamal simplified the Turkish language to make it simple, easy and modern.

Q. 10: What were Mustafa views about women of the country?
  Ans: Mustafa was of the opinion that woman should have equal rights. They should be educated. They should be encouraged to take part in national progress.

Q. 11: What were Mustafa Kamal economic reforms?
  Ans: For economic reform, new roads and railways were constructed. New factures were opened. He encouraged heavy industry. The banking system was organized. He did all this without borrowing from outside.

Q. 12: What were his social reforms in the country?
  Ans: Mustafa Kamal finished old title. The people used to wear Fez: now wearing of a hat was compulsory. The veil was also abolished. Women were allowed to get a higher education.

Q. 13: What happened on the 23rd of April, 1920?
  Ans: On 23rd April 1920, the revolutionary Turkish Grand  Assembly met and elected Mustafa Kamal as the first president of Turkey.

Q. 14: Why October 1923 I famous in the history of the world?
  Ans: The 29 October 1923 is famous in the history of the world because on that day the Ottoman Empire was wiped from history and the new Turkish Republic was established.

Book II 2nd year Mustafa Kamal Essay Notes Book II 2nd year Mustafa Kamal Essay Notes Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonOctober 28, 2018 Rating: 5

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