B.A Part 2 4th year English Notes Complete PDF

September 18, 2019
Here are All Notes for B.A Part 2 4th year students. If you are B.A student at Punjab University, you can read and download the following English Notes to prepare in a short time.




You can ask for the notes if missin in the comments. So, I will be preparing the Notes for you.
B.A Part 2 4th year English Notes Complete PDF B.A Part 2 4th year English Notes Complete PDF Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonSeptember 18, 2019 Rating: 5

The Eclipse Notes for BA Modern Essay

September 18, 2019
The Modern essays for B.A Part 2 4th year English of Punjab University are given below. Just see the Important Questions and Important topics from the essay Eclipse for BA Classes below. Now prepare these important questions in Exams.

The Eclipse Modern Essay for BA

Describe the experience and feelings of people before and during the solar eclipse?

Ans: In this essay, the writer has described the event of the Solar eclipse viewed by the people of England. There were great thrill and excitement in the people. Everybody wanted to swatch it. That is why her description of the event is first-rate. The people of London gathered at the railway station. Everyone was on the road. Some were taking the trains while others were traveling by cars. There was a great activity that morning. 

The people were running towards the Rocky place to witness The great event. At that time, they stood like statues anxious to salute this dawn. They had lost their individuality. Now they belong to the world. They had come to see the rising sun just as ancient man and woman assembled to see and worship the sun. 

The sun was rising now. Its rays fell on the trees. It illuminated everything beneath it. The trees, the villages and the lakes bathe in its pale light. Sun was in its full Splendor for a few seconds. It had to raise through the clouds. The people had watches in their hands. The sun dashed through the clouds with great difficulty. It was out and bright for one moment and for the next moment, it was lost for one second. It emerged and showed itself to the crowd.

Finally, it was completely blotted out. The flesh and blood of the world were dead. Only the skeleton was left. People expected something more and extraordinary but nothing happened. However, the sun rose on the other part of the word. It illuminated the farm houses, the villagers, the railways. Once again the world was connected with the whole fabric of Civilization.

Write a note on the importance of Stonehenge discussed by the writer?

Stonehenge is a Prehistoric monument on Salisbury plane in Wilshire. Its main feature consisted of a circle of 30 upright stones their tops were linked by lintel stones to form a continuous circle. The circle of stones was 100 Feet wide. This monument was built about 1900 B.C.

Firstly: It was used as an observatory in ancient time. It was also used as a place of worship for sun worshippers. The writer and the other people stood in a line to see the sun. As the people of the ancient time stood at Stonehenge to observe the sun.
Secondly: The people of old times worshiped the Sun. The writer and the other people stood there to see the sun with religious devotion. They did not worship the sun but they were very attentive to it. The sun was the good of love to them.
When the sun began to rise, everything changed. The people had a sense of relief A dim Rainbow of light appeared in the sky. Colours began to return. The fear in the people was over and their confidence was restored. The hills gained colour. The world became more and more solid. It became populous. The farmhouses, villages and railway lines once again became the center of the activity. The whole fabric of civilization was moulded. Once again the people of London realized the importance of the sun in their lives. Without it their life lost all beauty and activity. Without Sun the earth became dead and colourless. It was the appearance of Sun which once again connected them with life.

Moden Essays Notes List

1. Pakistan and Modern World Essay
2. The whistling of Birds Essay Questions answers
3. Take the Plunge Essay Questions for BA Part 2
4. Modern Essays Notes for B.A Part 2
5. B.A part 2 English Complete Notes
6. B.A Part 2 all subjects notes PDF
The Eclipse Notes for BA Modern Essay The Eclipse Notes for BA Modern Essay Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonSeptember 18, 2019 Rating: 5

Pakistan and Modern World for BA Questions answers

September 18, 2019
Here are Key Points of the Modern essay Pakistan and Modern World by Liaqat Ali Khan. This is the first essay of BA part 2 English of Punjab University Lahore. The students who are in B.A part 2 by Punjab University, can see the notes and important questions of Modern Essays on Zahid Notes.

Pakistan and Modern World important topics

Below are the two main topics that can appear in your next exams.

Why was Pakistan inevitable? describe in the light of Liaqat Ali Khan's speech

OR

Justify the creation of Pakistan in the light of Liaqat Ali Khan's speech

OR

How the Two-Nation Theory led to the creation of Pakistan?

Answer to all of the questions above is given below.

Ans: "Pakistan and the Modern World" is an address of Liaqat Ali Khan, which he delivered at the University of Kansas in 1950. In his speech, he told the Americans how and why Pakistan was created. He tells them that Pakistan is a new state. It came into existence in 1947. In United India, there lived three hundred minion Hindus and one hundred million Muslims. The Muslims and Hindus differed sharply in their mode of living. These differences were related to religious economies in political matters. Long history and past experience told them that they could not live together peacefully.

Liaqat All Khan tells the Americas that the two nations differed almost in every field of life. The Muslims believed in one God but the Hindus worshipped many gods. The Muslims believed in the Divine -Prophets but the Hindus did not. These differences prevailed between the two people in almost every situation of their daily lives. Liaqat All Khan tells the Americans that the two nations also differed in their social and economic affairs. The Hindus believed in the caste system whereas the Muslims believed in the equality of men, The Muslims believed in the right of private ownership for everyone, whereas the Hindus believed in communism. The Muslims had faith in the laws of inheritance. They had economic institutions which discouraged the accumulation of wealth. The Hindus did not have such laws. In this way, the Muslims differed sharply from the Hindus.

Liaqat Ali Khan pointed out to the Americans that the Hindus were much larger in number. After the departure of the British, the Muslims feared that their culture would suffer a great set back. They also feared that their economic position would grow worse under the domination of the Hindus. It would simply be the change of masters.

It was for these reasons that the Muslims asked for .a country of their own. The demand was not unreasonable, it was also practicable.

2. Points of Similarity between Pakistan and America

Ans: Liaqat All Khan tells the Americans that there exists great similarity between Pakistan and America regarding the freedom movement.

First: America began mainly as an agricultural country just Pakistan is today. The American progress in the fields of agriculture and industry is al due to its dedicated and selfless leadership. Pakistan is also having a selfless, sincere and dedicated leadership. The people of Pakistan„ like the Americans, are peace-loving and hard working. Pakistan is very hopeful to march on the road to progress like America.

Second: The Americans believe in democracy and the rule of law and civil liberties. The people of Pakistan are also lovers of democracy, peace and the ride of law. America made rapid progress in every field of life. Pakistan too hopes to make progress in every field of life very soon.

Third: Like the Americans, the people of Pakistan believe in moral values. They are desirous to promote peace and happiness to the people of the world. America is already doing a lot to promote peace and prosperity in the world. The rules of Pakistan are already working for the welfare of the masses. It is with the cooperation of the Americans in the economic and social fields that Pakistan is expected to become a stable and prosperous country.

You should also read the following:
1. The Eclipse Essay Important Topics
2. The whistling of Birds Essay Questions answers
3. Take the Plunge Essay Questions for BA Part 2
4. Modern Essays Notes for B.A Part 2
5. B.A part 2 English Complete Notes
6. B.A Part 2 all subjects notes PDF

Pakistan and Modern World for BA Questions answers Pakistan and Modern World for BA Questions answers Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonSeptember 18, 2019 Rating: 5

MCQs of Physics 1st year chapter 4

September 17, 2019
Here are multiple choice questions (MCQs) of 1st-year physics chapter 4. These are very important 27 MCQs with solution and answer key. You can read these important MCQs and also download all chapterwise physics MCQs for class 11 f.sc part 1.

1st year Physics MCQs

All chapter of F.Sc part 1 physics are given on this blog. You can download all chapters in a single PDF file from Zahid Notes. I am preparing complete Notes of 1st year in PDF.
You can see my work below:
1. 2nd year physics MCQs solved
2. 1st year chemistry MCQs PDF
3. 1st year Biology MCQs chapter wise solved
4. 1st year all subjects PDF Notes

Chapter 4 Work and Energy

1. The area under the curve of force-displacement graph is equal to:
a) Displacement
b) Work
c) Power
d) Energy

2. Slope of work time graph is equal to.
a) Displacement
b) Acceleration
c) Power
d) Energy

3. Work done will be maximum if the angle between the force F and displacement d is.
a) 45o
b) 90 o
c) 180 o
d) 0 o
4. A field will be conservative when work is done:
a) By centripetal force is zero
b) By a frictional force is negative
c) By force perpendicular to the displacement is zero
d) In a closed path is zero
5. A field in which the work is done in a moving a body along a closed path is zero is called.
a) Electric field
b) Conservative field
c) Electromagnetic field
d) Maximum

6. When a force is parallel to the direction of motion of the body, then work done on the body is:
a) zero
b) minimum
c) infinity
d) Maximum

7. The work done is said to be negative when force and displacement are
a) Parallel
b) Anti-parallel
c) Perpendicular
d) None

8. Which of the following is not conservative force?
a) Friction
b) Electric
c) Gravitational
d) Magnetic

9. Which of the following types of force can do no work on the particle on which it acts?
a) Frictional force
b) Gravitational force
c) Elastic force
d) Centripetal force

10. Work has the dimension as that of same as that of.
a) Torque
b) Angular momentum
c) Linear momentum
d) Power

11. The average power and instantaneous power become equal if work is done at.
a) Any rate
b) At variable rate
c) At uniform rate
d) At high rate

12. The relation between horse power and watt is.
a) 1 hp = 546 watts
b) 1 hp = 746 watts
c) 1 hp = 1000 watts
d) 1 hp = 946 watts

13. If the mass of a moving object is doubled, its K.E becomes:
a) 2 times
b) 4 times
c) 5 times
d) 16 times

14. Work done on the body equals to the
a) Change in its K.E always
b) Change in its P.E always
c) Change in it K.E and change in its P.E
d) Neither change in K.E nor change in its P.E

15. Work done by the force of friction is.
a) Always positive
b) Always negative
c) Positive only for small frictional force
d) Positive only for large frictional force
16. The consumption of energy by 60-watt bulb in 2 seconds is:
a) 20 J
b) 120 J
c) 30 J
d) 0.02 J

17. Power is also defined as dot product of
a) Force and displacement
b) Force and mass
c) Force and velocity
d) Force and time

18. One kilowatt-hour of work is equal to
a) 0.36 MJ
b) 3.6 MJ
c) 36 MJ
d) 360 MJ
19. One mega watt hour is equal to.
a) 3.6x 106 J
b) 3.6x 1012 J
c) 3.6x 109 J
d) 3.6x 108 J

20. The escape velocity from the earth surface in km s-1 is.
a) 4.2 km s-1
b) 7.5 km s-1
c) 9.5 km s-1
d) 11 km s-1
21. The work done by the force of 10N applied parallel to the direction of motion up to 20 m
a) 10 J
b) 20 J
c) 200 J
d) 2000 J

22. The SI unit of power is
a) Joule
b) Horsepower
c) kWh
d) Watt

23. The original source of tidal energy is:
a) Moon
b) Earth
c) Sun
d) Sea

24. The energy stored in the spring of a watch is:
a) K.E
b) Electrical Energy
c) Elastic P.E
d) Solar Energy

important mcqs 1st year physics
26. The tides raise the mater in the sea roughly in a day:
a) Once
b) Twice
c) Four times
d) Eight times

27. The source of geothermal energy is.
a) The decay of radioactive elements in the earth
b) Compression of material in the earth
c) Residual lost of the earth
d) All as said in a, b and c

Answerkey

answerkey and answers of physics chapter 4

Other chapters:

MCQs of Physics Chapter 1
MCQs of Physics Chapter 2
MCQs of Physics Chapter 3
MCQs of Physics Chapter 5
MCQs of Physics  Chapter 6
MCQs of Physics  Chapter 7
MCQs of Physics Chapter 8
MCQs of Physics  Chapter 9
MCQs of Physics  Chapter 10

MCQs of Physics 1st year chapter 4 MCQs of Physics 1st year chapter 4 Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonSeptember 17, 2019 Rating: 5

BISE Lahore to Announce Inter Part 1 result in October

September 15, 2019

BISE Lahore Result to be Declared on October 8, 2019

Now the waiting period has come to close near soon. The Punjab Educational boards including Sargodha Board, Lahore Board, Rawalpindi Board, Faisalabad Board, Gujranwala Board, D.G Khan Board, Sahiwal Board, and Multan Board are going to announce Intermediate Part 1 result on October 8, 2019.
Lahore board 1st year result
BISE Lahore held Intermediate Part 1 both F.Sc and F.A exams in May 2019. Students are impatiently waiting for their result. The Board may declare the result on Tuesday, October 8 this year. The Board has previously declared the Inter Part 2 result in August 2019.

There are rumors about the exact date of the result but various sources confirmed it as October 8, 2019. The trend on social media has already begun. The new sessions for Inter part 2 will start soon after the result is announced.

You can check your result status online on the Board's official website by entering your roll number. The original result seeking interface may be put online at 10:00 AM. So, be patient till October 8, 10:00 am. My prayers and best wishes are for you.

Now If you see, You must prepare for the 2nd year and let the result be announced. Whatever happens, you have to sit in the next year class and appear in Part 2 exams. I would recommend you to study Zahid Notes for excellent exams preparation. Consider visiting the following posts.

1. 1st year all subjects notes PDF
2. 2nd year All subjects Notes PDF


Zahid Notes is committed to providing quality educational resources and material to the students and the teachers across the country.

Don't waste your time and prepare for the next year. I will post many helpful tips for your related to your future and higher education in coming posts.

Best of Luck!

BISE Lahore to Announce Inter Part 1 result in October BISE Lahore to Announce Inter Part 1 result in October Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonSeptember 15, 2019 Rating: 5

MCQs of Physics 1st year Chapter 3

September 15, 2019
Zahid Notes updated chapter 3 MCQs of physics of fsc part 1. The chapter 3 includes various concepts relating speed, displacement, velocity and momentum. You may want to download Punjab Textbook of Physics for 1st year in PDF form. 

1st year Physics MCQs Solved

One thing that you must bear in mind that Zahid Notes collects the notes from various sources including online content on different websites. We just organize it and make them available in PDF to make it easy for the students to download them or read them online. You may see the following excellent notes by Zahid Notes.

2. 1st year chemistry MCQs PDF
3. 1st year Biology MCQs chapter wise solved
4. 1st year all subjects PDF Notes

Chapter 3 Motion and Force Notes

1. A body covering equal displacement in equal interval of time possesses:
a) Variable velocity
b) Uniform acceleration
c) Uniform velocity
d) None of above

2. Instantaneous and average velocities become equal when body:
a) Has zero acceleration
b) Has uniform velocity
c) Has variable velocity
d) Moves in a circle

3. When the velocity-time graph is a straight line parallel to time axis then:
a) Acceleration is const
b) Acceleration is variable
c) Acceleration is zero
d) Velocity is zero

4. The slope of the velocity-time graph is:
a) Acceleration
b) Distance
c) Force
d) Momentum

5. The area between the velocity-time graph and the time axis is numerically equal to:
a) Velocity
b) Distance
c) Time
d) Acceleration

6. If the slop of velocity-time graph gradually decreases, then the body is said to be moving with:
a) Positive acceleration
b) Negative acceleration
c) Uniform velocity
d) Variable velocity

7. If the slop of velocity-time graph gradually increases, then the body is said to be moving with:
a) Positive acceleration
b) Negative acceleration
c) Uniform velocity
d) Variable velocity

8. What is the shape of velocity time graph for constant acceleration?
a) Straight line
b) Parabola
c) Inclined curve
d) Declined curve

9. When the object is moving towards earth, the value of “g” is taken as:
a) Positive
b) Negative
c) Zero
d) None

10. Change in momentum is called:
a) Force
b) Impulse
c) Acceleration
d) Torque

11. The time rate of change of momentum is called:
a) Force
b) Impulse
c) Acceleration
d) Torque

12. The property of a body due to which it opposes its state of rest or uniform motion is called:
a) Momentum
b) Inertia
c) Torque
d) Weight

13. Which law of motion is also called law of inertia?
a) 1st law
b) 2nd law
c) 3rd law
d) 4th law

14. The inertia of an object is the quantitative measure of its:
a) Volume
b) Density
c) Mass
d) Temperature

15. Momentum depends upon.
a) Force act on the body
b) Mass of the body
c) Velocity of the body
d) Both mass and velocity of the body

16. An alternate unit to −1 is:
a) Js
b) Ns
c) Nm
d) N

dimensions of force 1st year physics

20. Which of the following pair has same direction always?
a) Force, displacement
b) Force, velocity
c) Force, acceleration
d) Force, momentum

21. A snooker ball moving with velocity v collides head on with another snooker ball of same mass at rest. If the collision is elastic, the velocity of the second snooker ball is:
a) Zero
b) Infinity
c) V
d) 2V

22. Taking off rocket can be explained by:
a) 1st law of motion
b) 2nd law of motion
c) Law of conservation of momentum
d) Law of conservation of energy

23. The trajectory (or path) of a projectile is:
a) Straight line
b) Parabola
c) Hyperbola
d) Circle

24. A football player will throw a football at a maximum distance if the angle of projection is:
a) 300
b) 450
c) 600
d) 900

25. Range of a projectile on a horizontal plane is same for the following pair of angles:
a) 300 and 600
b) 200 and 800
c) 00 and 450
d) 100 and 900

MCQs fsc part 1 with solution

29. Motion of projectile is _____________ dimensional.
a) One
b) Two
c) Three
d) Four

31. During projectile motion, the horizontal component of velocity:
a) Changes with time
b) Becomes zero
c) Remains constant
d) Increases with time

32. The range of projectile is same for angles of projection:
a) 30° and 45°
b) 45° and 60°
c) 50° and 45°
d) 30° and 60°

Answerkey

1st year physics MCQs answerkey
Other chapters:
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 1
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 2
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 4
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 5
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 6
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 7
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 8
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 9
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 10
MCQs of Physics 1st year Chapter 3 MCQs of Physics 1st year Chapter 3 Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonSeptember 15, 2019 Rating: 5

MCQs of Physics 1st year chapter 2

September 14, 2019
Here are 1st year physics chapterwise MCQs with answerekey in PDF. You can download all notes of 11th class F.A and F.Sc from Zahid Notes. These are solved MCQs of physics 1st year chapter 2.

Physics 1st year MCQs

The mcqs are important and according to past papers and the chances of appearing in your next exams.  You may also like the following notes:

1. 2nd year physics MCQs solved
2. 1st year chemistry MCQs PDF
3. 1st year Biology MCQs chapter wise solved
4. 1st year all subjects PDF Notes

Chapter 2 Vectors and Equilibrium

1. Which one is a vector:
a) Length
b) Volume
c) Velocity
d) Work

2. An example of scalar quantity is
a) Displacement
b) Speed
c) Velocity
d) Torque

3. Name the quantity which is vector:
a) Density
b) Power
c) Charge
d) Moment of Force

4. Rectangular coordinate system is also called:
a) Polar coordinate system
b) Cartesian coordinate system
c) Cylindrical coordinate system
d) Space coordinate system

5. The direction of a vector in space is specified by:
a) One angle
b) Two angle
c) Three angle
d) No angle

6. If both components of a vector are negative, then resultant lies in:
a) 1st quadrant
b) 2nd quadrant
c) 3rd quadrant
d) 4th quadrant

7. In which quadrant the two rectangular components of a vector have same sign?
a) 1st
b) 2nd
c) both 1st and 3rd
d) 4th

8. If the x-component of a vector is positive and y-component is negative, then resultant vector lies in what quadrant:
a) 1st quadrant
b) 2nd quadrant
c) 3rd quadrant
d) 4th quadrant

9. If vector A lies in the third quadrant, its direction will be:
a) 180 −
b) 360 −
c) 180 +
d) none

10. A single vector having the same effect as all the original vectors taken together, is called
a) Resultant vector
b) Equal vector
c) Position vector
d) Unit vector

11. When two vectors are anti-parallel, the angle between them is:
a) Zero
b) 180°
c) 90°
d) 270°

12. The resultant of two forces 30 N and 40 N acting at an angle of 90° with each other is
a) 30 N
b) 40 N
c) 50 N
d) 70 N

14. If 6N force act at right angle to 8N force, then the magnitude of resultant will be:
a) 6N
b) 8N
c) 10N
d) 14N
⃗ ⃗ ⃗ ⃗
15. If A + B = B + A, this shows that addition of vectors is
a) Associative
b) Commutative
c) Additive
d) Additive inverse

16. A body is in dynamic equilibrium only when it is
a) At rest
b) Moving with a variable velocity
c) Moving with uniform acceleration
d) Moving with uniform velocity

mcqs of physics 1st year solved

22. Vectors A is along y axis, its component along x axis is:
a) A
b) A/2
c) Zero
d) 2A

23. The angle between rectangular components of vector is:
a) 45°
b) 60°
c) 90°
d) 180°

24. A force of 10N is acting along x-axis, its component along y-axis is
a) 10N
b) 5N
c) 8.66N
d) Zero N

Mcqs of physics chapter 2 with answer key
29. Dot product of two non-zero vectors is zero, when angle between them is:
a) 0
b) 30
c) 45
d) 90

31. The scalar product of two vectors is maximum when they are:
a) Parallel
b) Perpendicular
c) Anti-parallel

11th class physics 2nd chapter mcqs

43. If the position ̅and force are in same direction, then torque will be:
a) Maximum
b) Minimum
c) Same
d) Negative
44. The direction of torque can be found by:
a) Head to tail rule
b) Right hand rule
c) Left hand rule
d) Fleming rule

45. At what angle, the two vectors of the same magnitude have to oriented, if they were to be combined to give a resultant equal to a vector of same magnitude?
a) 45°
b) 90°
c) 120°
d) 180°

46. If the line of action of force passes through axis of rotation or the origin, then its torque is:
a) Maximum
b) Unity
c) Zero
d) None of these

47. The magnitude of a vector can never be:
a) Positive
b) Negative
c) Positive and negative
d) None of these
48. The minimum number of unequal forces whose resultant will be zero:
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5

49. Torque is defined as.
a) Turning effect of force
b) Cross product of force and position vector
c) Product of force and moment arm
d) All a, b and c are correct

50. SI unit of torque is:
a) Nm-1
b) Nm
c) Nm-2
d) None

51. A body will be in complete equilibrium when it is satisfying:
a) 1st condition of equilibrium
b) 2nd condition of equilibrium
c) Both 1st and 2nd condition of equilibrium
d) Impossible

53. If a body is at rest, then it will be in
a) Static equilibrium
b) Dynamic equilibrium
c) Translational equilibrium
d) Unstable equilibrium

54. The magnitudes of rectangular component are equal if its angle with x-axis is:
a) 45°
b) 90°
c) 30°
d) 0°

56. The resultant of two forces of equal magnitudes is also equal to the magnitude of the forces. The angle between the two forces is.
a) 30o
b) 60 o
c) 90 o
d) 120 o

57. The magnitude of dot and cross product of two vectors are 6√3 and 6 respectively. The angle between them will be
a) 0°
b) 30°
c) 45°
d) 60°
58. The magnitude of cross-product and dot-product of two vectors are equal, the angle between them is
a) Zero
b) 45°
c) 90°
d) 180°

59. Two vectors to be combined have magnitudes 60 N and 35 N. The correct answer for the magnitude of their resultant will be:
a) 15 N
b) 20 N
c) 70 N
d) 100 N

Answer key

11th class physics chapter 2 mcqs notes
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 1
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 3
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 4
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 5
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 6
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 7
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 8
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 9
MCQs of Physics 1st year chap 10

2nd year all subjects PDF Notes
MCQs of Physics 1st year chapter 2 MCQs of Physics 1st year chapter 2 Reviewed by Saif Ullah ZahidonSeptember 14, 2019 Rating: 5