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9th class Pak Studies Urdu Medium Notes PDF

Here are 9th class Pakistan Studies notes in Urdu medium PDF for free download. These notes are for all Punjab boards like BISE Lahore etc....

Night Mail Poem explanation of all stanzas

February 16, 2019
Here is the explanation with reference to the context of the poem Night Mail written by W.H Auden. This poem is included in Book 3 English for 1st year students. I have explained all Stanzas like Stanza 1, Stanza 2, Stanza 3, stanza 4 and stanza 5 explanation in this post.

Also Read: Night Mail Poem Short Questions

Night Mail Poem Explanation

The poem Night Mail is a nice poem. This poem describes the journey of a train.

Reference:
These lines have been taken from the poem Night Mail written by W.H Auden. This stanza has been taken from the start of the poem.

Context: 
The poem is about a coach that travels through various plain and hilly areas. The train brings letters, cheques and postal orders for all type of people. The train passes through fields and farms but life is not disturbed by its journey. The poet wants to tell us that the train brings both good and bad news for the people. It reaches in time regardless of harsh and unfavorable weather conditions.

Night Mail Poem Stanza 1 Explanation

Night Mail Poem Stanza 1
Explanation:
In this stanza, the poet describes the arrival of Night Mail. The poet says that Night Mail is crossing the borders of the country. It is entering the country with a lot of letters, cheques, postal orders, and other posts. The train is bringing letters for the rich people, for the poor people and the letters for the shop which is located at the corner. Night mail is also bringing letters for the girl next door. The poet wants to say that Night Mail brings letters for the people of every walk of life.

Night Mail Poem Stanza 2 Explanation

Night Mail Poem Stanza 2
Explanation:
In this stanza, the poet describes the journey of Night Mail through different types of areas. The poet says that the train is pulling its cars towards high areas and climbing the hills with a steady speed. Inspite of obstacles and hurdles in her way, she reaches on time. These lines tell us about the importance of time and schedule. She does not waste a moment and efficiently keeps on with her journey.
She passes through cotton fields, meadows, and grassy fields. She uses coal to get power. That is why she throws shite smoke across her shoulders. The poem is sweet rhythm which the readers enjoy.

Night Mail Poem Stanza 3 Explanation

Night mail Poem Stanza 3
Explanation:
In this stanza the poet keeps on describing the journey of the Night Mail. She moves with determination. She crosses the miles of grassy areas. She makes noise while passing the utter silence of wind-bent grasses. She is making noise telling everyone about her arrival. The birds are sleeping in their nests. They are awakened by her noise. But they are not afraid of her at all as they know that she is just doing her business. They just turn their heads to look at her. They stare at her empty coaches. The poet has used the term blank-faced, to show that the coaches were without passengers.

Night Mail Poem Stanza 4 Explanation

Night mail Poem Stanza 4
Explanation:
In this stanza, the poet describes the reaction of sheep and dogs and other animals on the arrival of Night Mail. The poet says the animal cannot change her course. They just keep sleeping with paws across. They know they have nothing to do with night mail so they show no reaction on her arrival. 
The life in the farms is not affected by her arrival. The people in the farms keep on sleeping. They know the train will pass. But a jug in a bedroom shakes slightly as she passes by. The train is going through rough and plain places, the fields, the grassy lands, the slopy areas but she still reaches on time.


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Night Mail Poem explanation of all stanzas Night Mail Poem explanation of all stanzas Reviewed by Saif UllahonFebruary 16, 2019 Rating: 5

Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapter 2 Short questions answers

February 16, 2019
Please read below all important short questions with answers of Goodbye Mr. Chips novel chapter 2. Lesson 2 short questions of Mr. Chips can be download all in one PDF file. Just see the list of all chapters if you want.

Goodbye Mr. Chips Novel for 2nd year

Here are the chapter 2 short questions notes for 2nd year English.

CHAPTER.02 Short Questions

Q.1. What was the history of Brookfield Grammar School?
Ans:
It was established as a grammar school in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. It was surrounded
by a line of old elms trees. The main structure of the building was rebuilt and extended in the
reign of George-1

Q.2. What kind of people and professionals did Brookfield supply?
Ans:
It supplied fair samples of history-making men like judges, members of parliament, colonial
administrators, a few peers, and bishops. It also turned out merchants manufacturers, professional men, country squires, and parsons.

Q.3. What were the qualifications of Mr. Chips?
Ans: He was an ordinary teacher with inadequate qualification. He was simply a graduate from
Cambridge. Moreover, his degree was mediocre.

Q.4. What was presented to Chips on his retirement?
Ans: In 1913, when he was of sixty five, he retired. On his retirement, he was presented
with a cheque, a writing desk and a clock.

Q.5. "A decent career decently closed" Explain.
Ans:
It means that Chips spent his career in a decent, honorable and graceful manner. He served Brookfield in a dignified manner and left it with honour and dignity.

Q.6. What were Chip's ambitions when he joined Brookfield?
Ans:
Yes, Chips was an ambitious teacher. When he joined Brookfield, he wanted to get headship
or the senior most mastership of a first class school.

Q.7. What was the status of Brookfield School?
Ans:
Brookfield was a good school of the second rank. But lt supplied fair samples of history making men for England.

Q.8. Write a note on Brookfield village.
Ans:
Brookfield was a smal! dependent village and open fe: country. was situated on the East Coast of England.

Q.9. Write a note on Brookfield Public School.
Ans:
It was a grammar school of the second rank in Brookfield. It was established in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. It produced many history making people for England.

Q.11. How a football match was made possible at the Brookfield?
Ans:
It was due to the great and brave efforts of Katherine, a match made possible between Mission
school and Brookfield.

Q.12. Narrate the activities of Mr. Chips after his retirement?
Ans:
He invited the new boys to tea, watched their matches, dined with the heads and the masters, and took on the preparation of the new edition of Brookfield directory.

Other Chapters>>>
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5

Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapter 2 Short questions answers Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapter 2 Short questions answers Reviewed by Saif UllahonFebruary 16, 2019 Rating: 5

Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapter 1 short questions answers

February 16, 2019
Read Goodbye Mr. Chips Novel Chapter 1 short questions with answers complete notes for 2nd year English. Below is the complete list of short questions with answers from chapter 1 of Mr. Chips novel for 2nd year students. Download in PDF the chapterwise short questions notes for Goodbye Mr.Chips.

Goodbye Mr. Chips 2nd year 

Goodbye Mr. Chips is an interesting historic novel by James Hilton. This novel has been included in Intermediate F.Sc Part II 2nd year English syllabus in Pakistan.

CHAPTER 1 Short Questions

Q.1. Who is the writer of the novel," Good Bye Mr. Chips"?
Ans: James Hilton is the writer of the novel Good Bye Mr. Chips"

Q.2. What was the real name of Mr. Chips?
Ans: His real name was Mr. Chipping but his nickname was Mr. Chips.

Q.3. When was Mr. Chips born?
Ans: Mr. Chips was born in 1848 and was taken to the Great Exhibition in 1851 as a toddling child.

Q.4. Where did Mr, Chips live after his retirement?
Ans: After his retirement, Mr. Chips lived at Mrs. Wicketl's just across the road from the Brookfield
School, so that he could visit school easily.

Q.5. How did Mr. Chips measure his time when he was living at Mrs. Wickett's house?
Ans:
When he was living at Mrs. Wicket, Mr. Chips used to measure his time by the signals of the past just like a sea captain. He used to live his life according to the bells of Brookfield.

Q.6. What did Mr. Chips use to do in his old age?
Ans:
In his old age, Mr. Chips liked to sit by the fire, drink a cup of tea and listen to the school bells. He used to read a detective novel at night.

Q.7. What did Mr. Chips do before going to bed?
Ans:
Before going to bed, He used to wind up the clock, put the wire guard in front of the fire. Then he turned out the gas and carried a detective novel to bed.

Q.8. Who was Dr. Merivale?
Ans:
Dr. Merrivale was Mr. Chips' doctor and friend. He visited him every fortnight or so. He admired him and said that he was fitter than the doctor himself and was going to die a natural death.

Q9. What did he say about Chips' health? what did he advise her when Mr. Chips caught a cold?
Ans:
He admired his health and said that he was fitter than the doctor himself and was going to die a
natural death. He advised Mrs. Wicket to take special care of him as it was too cold.

Q.10. Who made a century when Chips came for an interview?
Ans:
When Chips came for the interview, Brookfield was playing a cricket match against Barnhurst
and one of the Barnhurst boys, a chubby little fellow made a brilliant century.

Q.11. When and why did he join Brookfield?
Ans:
After teaching a year at Melbury, he joined Brookfield in 1870. Because he disliked the previous school as his discipline was not good there. Moreover, he has dragged there a good deal.

Q.12. Briefly explain his preliminary interview with Mr.Wetherby?
Ans:
It was a sunny day in July 1870 when he had his first interview with Mr. Wetherby. The air was full of the sweet smell of flowers. Wetherby said to him," You are a young man, Mr.Chipping and Brookfield is an old foundation. Youth and age often combine well.

Q.13. What advice did Mr. Wetherby give to Mr. Chips? What kind of person Wetherby was?
Ans:
Wetherby was very fatherly and courteous. He behaved very politely with Chips. He advised him to take a firm attitude from the beginning that's the secret to maintain discipline in the class.

Q.14. Who was the first boy punished by Mr. Chips at Brookfield?
Ans:
Colley, a red-haired boy, was the first one punished by Chips at Brookfield. He dropped the desk lid during the first class of Mr. Chips. Chips punished him by giving him a hundred lines to write.

Q.15. What did Mr. Chips say to the son of Mr. Colley?
Ans:
Mr. Chips said," Your father was the first boy I ever punished when I came here twenty-five years ago. He deserved it then and you deserved it now.

Q.16. What did Mr. Chips say to the third Colley?
Ans:
He said that he was a fine example of inherited traditions. He said that his grandfather was a stupid fellow. His father was not better either and he was the biggest fool of the lot.

Q.17. What was the fashion adopted by Mr. Chips during his youth days?
Ans:
Mr. Chips was fresh-complexioned, high collard and side-whiskered young man. This was the old fashion adopted by the people in those days.

Also read other chapters:
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapter 1 short questions answers Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapter 1 short questions answers Reviewed by Saif UllahonFebruary 16, 2019 Rating: 5

1st year physics exercise short questions notes

February 12, 2019
Download 1st year physics short questions notes in PDF. I have prepared best notes for exercise based important short questions of physics for F.Sc part 1 first year students. 1st year physics notes are in PDF for all MCQs, LOng questions, short questions and numerical.

1st year physics short question notes

I was searching for physics short questions notes on the internet. I could not find good notes on these topics. I decided to make these notes myself. I found a hard copy of these notes and converted it into PDF so that the students may download it free. I am making more and more notes everyday. All will be available here soon. You can see my blog has many types of notes and a lot of study material.
Below is the PDF file of important physics short questions notes for 1st year students.

More Notes for 1st year>>
1. 1st year all subjects notes list
2. 1st year Guess papers of all subjects
3. 1st year English Notes
4. 1st year Tests papers



short questions notes physics 1st year

More Notes>>>
Important English Essays for 2nd year
Important Urdu essays for 2nd year
Moral stories in English
Informal Letters to friends


1st year physics exercise short questions notes 1st year physics exercise short questions notes Reviewed by Saif UllahonFebruary 12, 2019 Rating: 5

English Prepositions MCQs with solution 2nd year

February 09, 2019
[updated today] I am still preparing pdf notes for 2nd year English prepositions objective part MCQs. These are important preposition MCQs with answers for second year f.sc and F.A part 2 students.

2nd Year English MCQs

Once I was searching for quality notes of English MCQs for 2nd year but I could not find good notes. I made my own notes with a lot of hard work and struggle. These are important prepositions MCQs and notes.
2nd year English MCQs


Also Read: All English MCQs notes for 2nd Year

2nd Year English Preposition MCQs Notes

1. You should abide ______ the hostel rules. (by)

2. The Jhelum river flows__________ a lovely valley. (across)

3. He did not agree _________ you in this matter. (with)

4. It was a good __________ him to help me in time. (of)

5. This is a very good house to live __________. (in)

6. Do not laugh ______ the poor. (at)

7. He is very kind _________ animals. (to)

8. He does not care _________ me. (for)

9. He was accused___________ theft. (of)

10. He will not turn ________ my request. (down)

11. Do not boast__________ your riches. (of)

12. She is proficient __________ English. (in)

13. Take care ______ your health. (of)

14. Please abstain _____________ smoking. (from)

15. Do not jeer ___________ the poor. (at)

16. Do not be jealous ________ others. (of)

17. My friend acceded ________ my request. (to)

18. Charity begins ________ home. (at)

19. His failure was contrary ____________ his hope. (to)

20. They disposed _______ the old books. (of)

21. No one can part her ______ her husband. (with)

22. Rabia takes pride ________ her beauty. (in)

23. Can you rely _________ me in this matter? (on)

24. He is ignorant ____________ his demerits. (of)

25. He presided _________ the meeting. (over)

26. I prefer tea __________coffee. (to)

27. He is fit __________ this job. (for)

28. Beware ______ pickpockets. (of)

29. He was shivering _________ cold. (with)

30. He is blind __________ one eye. (of)

31. Ali is fond _____ playing cards. (of)

32. He repented _______ his sins. (on)

33. He did not wait ________ me. (for)

34. I am obliged ____________ you. (to)

35. He is travelling ______ road. (by)

36. The Muslims believe ____ one God. (in)

37. He is suffering _______ malaria. (from)

38. I congratulate you ___________ your success. (on)

39. It is better to write ________ in ink. (in)

40. He slighted ________ the horse. (from)

41. All were alarmed ______ the news. (at)

42. Please abstain_______ smoking. (from)

43. She is vain ________ her beauty. (in)

44. I swear _________ God. (to)

45. He is not entitled _______ this prize. (to)

46. Please listen ______ my lecture. (to)

47. I was late ________ office today. (was)

48. Do not look down _______ the poor. (upon)

49. She was leaning _________ the pillars. (against)

50. The princess was married ______ the hero. (to)

51. Please give _________ smoking. (up)

52. What is time __________ your watch. (by)

53. We must adhere ____ our beliefs. (to)

54. He prevented me ________ going there. (from)

55. He is staring _______ me. (at)

56. Have you a taste _________ music. (for)

57. Hard work is key ________ success. (to)

58. He is notorious _________ gambling. (for)

59. I am sick ___________ monotony of life. (of)


More Notes for 2nd year>>>


English Prepositions MCQs with solution 2nd year English Prepositions MCQs with solution 2nd year Reviewed by Saif UllahonFebruary 09, 2019 Rating: 5

2nd year English Book 2 synonyms MCQs Solved

February 09, 2019
2nd year English Book 2 synonyms MCQs Solved 2nd year English Book 2 synonyms MCQs Solved Reviewed by Saif UllahonFebruary 09, 2019 Rating: 5

Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapterwise Short questions

February 09, 2019
Here are pdf notes of novel Goodbye Mr. Chips for 2nd year students. These are chapter wise short questions answers of English F.Sc and F.A part 2. Zahid Notes provides all type of guess papers, for class 1st year, 2nd year, 9th class, 10th class, for all subjects like physics, chemistry, biology, computer, Urdu, English, maths, and all other subjects.

Also See>>> Mr. Chips Novel Synonyms MCQs PDF

2nd year Goodbye Mr. Chips Notes

Goodbye Mr. Chips important short questions

You can download PDF Notes for second year and F.Sc part 2 and F.A Part 2 students. Once Goodbye Mr. Chips is a famous novel by James Hilton. The writer has sketched the life of an old man called Mr. Chips. His full name was Mr. Chippings but commonly called MR. Chips. He was an oldfashioned conservative teacher.

Chapterwise short question answers

Below is the list of all chapters of the novel Goodbye Mr. Chips . Please read and download all chapters important short questions answers for Goodbye Mr. Chips novel.
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Updating....

More Notes for 2nd year>>>
Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapterwise Short questions Goodbye Mr. Chips Chapterwise Short questions Reviewed by Saif UllahonFebruary 09, 2019 Rating: 5